Indonesia Oil Palm Plantations History

History of oil palm plantations in Indonesia

Palm oil imported into Indonesia by the Dutch East Indies in 1848. Some seeds are planted in the Bogor Botanical Gardens , while the remaining seeds were planted at the edges of the road as an ornamental plant in Deli , North Sumatra in the 1870s. At the same time meningkatlah demand for vegetable oils due to Industrial Revolution of the mid -19th century . From this emerged the idea of making palm oil based on plant selection from Bogor and Deli, then dikenallah type of palm 'Deli Dura'.
In 1911, plantations were cultivated and commercially cultivated with pioneering in the Netherlands Indies is Adrien Hallet, a Belgian , who then followed by K. Schadt. The first oil palm plantation is located on the East Coast of Sumatra (Deli) and Aceh . Plantation area reached 5123 ha . Captive breeding center and then set up in Marihat (known as AVROS ), North Sumatra and the Overseas Long , Kuala Selangor , Malaya in 1911-1912. In Malaya, the first plantation was opened in 1917 in the field Tenmaran, Kuala Selangor using seeds from the Overseas Long Deli dura. In West Africa alone planting of large-scale oil palm started in 1910.
Until the occupation of Japan, the Netherlands Indies is a major supplier of world palm oil. Ever since the Japanese occupation, production dropped to a mere fifth of the figure in 1940.

Efforts to increase the period of the Republic performed by the program Pregnant women (workers-military) are not successful in increasing yields, and then taken over a major supplier of Malaya (and Malaysia ).
New since the era of New Order encouraged the expansion of planting area, combined with PIR systems Plantation . The expansion of oil palm plantation area continues due to rising oil prices so that the role of increased vegetable oil as alternative energy.
Several palm trees are planted in the Bogor Botanical Gardens until now still alive, with a height of about 12m, and is the oldest palm in Southeast Asia who came from Africa .

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